Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/38276
Old English (OE) and Modern English (ModE) differ significantly from each other, including the sound system, grammar, word order, clause structure and vocabulary. OE contained many structural phenomena that are no longer in use, such as impersonal constructions. Impersonal constructions were widely used in OE in different types of clauses. Similarly to all other languages, OE changed and lost many of its structures over time. Loss of case assignment and changes in meanings of some verbs and their uses are two of these changes. This thesis aims to determine the types of impersonal constructions in OE and analyse them with examples, showing how they were used in different contexts. Additionally, the interpretations of several linguists who have studied the OE impersonal constructions are also discussed, including those of Willem Van der Gaaf (1904), Otto Jespersen (1927), Willy Elmer (1981), David Lightfoot (1981), and Olga Fischer and Frederike C. Van der Leek (1983). Their research mainly focused on the structure of OE impersonal constructions, their demise and development. This thesis will also briefly analyse comparable Icelandic constructions and their implications for an analysis of OE.
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