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  • Titill er á ensku Environmental and Economic Assessment of Wind Energy Utilization for Westman Islands District Heating.
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  • Útdráttur er á ensku

    This paper presents a detailed environmental feasibility and a smaller, secondary economic feasibility of a proposed wind farm system used to provide electricity for district heating in the Westman Islands archipelago. The goal of this research is to gain a comprehensive understanding of the environmental and financial costs of constructing a wind farm in the area. The methodologies used for this study include a preliminary and detailed life cycle assessment (LCA) as well as a minor, supplemental levelized cost of electricity (LCOE). The LCA uses Enercon E-82 wind turbine data regarding design, energy capacity, turbine materials used. The LCA is the primary focus of this thesis study and is a cradle to grave investigation into the environmental consequences of the wind farm's complete supply chain. The projected wind farm's raw material gathering, transportation, manufacturing, building, operation, and end-of-life are all considered in this analysis. The results of the preliminary LCA and supplemental LCOE are significant because they demonstrate the environmental and economic feasibility of a renewable energy transition in the Westman Islands. Furthermore, the results can be used to aid in Iceland’s climate action plan of becoming 100% renewable. Results from the preliminary LCA assessment revealed that a proposed wind farm has lower environmental impact in regards of global warming potential, mineral resource scarcity, and terrestrial acidification compared to the current Icelandic energy mix. The secondary LCOE results show that the proposed wind farm is, however, not economically feasible as the LCOE is more costly than that of the current Icelandic energy mix. Hotspot analysis shows that increases in wind farm capacity factor and lifespan results in decreased environmental impacts and cost.

  • 27.1.2022

Skráarnafn Stærð AðgangurLýsingSkráartegund 
Steele_Thesis_2022.pdf2.54 MBOpinnHeildartextiPDFSkoða/Opna
Final Thesis Declaration of Access.pdf405.9 kBLokaðurYfirlýsingPDF