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Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það:

  • The allocation of allowances in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme
  • Meistara
  • The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world’s first large
    experiment with an emissions trading system for greenhouse gases and it is likely to
    be copied by others if there is to be a global regime for limiting these emissions. After
    providing a brief discussion of the origins of the EU ETS and its relation to the Kyoto
    Protocol, this paper focuses of allowance allocation – the process of deciding the total
    quantity of allowances that Member States may issue and how it proposes to
    distribute those allowances among the individual polluters which are subject to the
    scheme. Particular attention will be given on its relatively decentralized structure that
    gives individual Member States responsibility in determining the total amount of
    allowances, distribution model of the same to the polluters, and allowing certain
    choices and flexibility. The results and criticism of this approach in the allocation
    process, together with the role that European Commission has, will be presented
    together with the proposed changes for the period after 2012.
    The main objective of the thesis is to shed a light on the necessity to initially build
    system so that it will provide scarcity of allowances, which would make realistically
    high prices so that individual polluters are faced with the viable choice to invest into
    green technologies, rather than buying allowances on the market.

  • 6.1.2010

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