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Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/41863

Titill: 
  • "Þú getur ekki gengið í gegnum þetta án þess að stórtjónast sjálfur" : reynsla foreldra af að eiga ungmenni með fíknivanda
Námsstig: 
  • Meistara
Útdráttur: 
  • Bakgrunnur: Rannsóknir benda til að afleiðingar þess að eiga ungmenni með fíknivanda séu víðtækar og hafi mikil áhrif á líf, líðan og aðstæður foreldra. Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að kanna reynslu foreldra af að eiga ungmenni með fíknivanda á Íslandi.
    Aðferð: Eigindleg fyrirbærafræðileg viðtalsrannsókn þar sem notast var við Vancouver-skólann í fyrirbærafræði. Þátttakendur voru tíu foreldrar, tveir feður og átta mæður, á aldrinum 48-60 ára. Tekin voru eitt til tvö viðtöl við hvern þátttakanda. Allir þátttakendur höfðu reynslu af að eiga ungmenni með fíknivanda. Stuðst var við Kanadíska iðjulíkanið við þemagreiningu en þemu lýsa reynslu þátttakenda samkvæmt Vancouver-skólanum en falla þó vel inn í þætti Kanadíska iðjulíkansins.
    Niðurstöður: Niðurstöðurnar bera heiti sem lýsa reynslu þátttakenda og tengjast þáttum Kanadíska iðjulíkansins. Þrjú megin þemu og 11 undirþemu eru: 1. Vanlíðan foreldra (einstaklingur): Andleg vanlíðan og ofbeldi, meðvirkni, líkamleg vanlíðan og langvarandi áhrif á heilsu, 2. Erfiðleikar í daglegri iðju: erfiðleikar við eigin umsjá, takmörkuð þátttaka og áhrif á störf foreldra og 3. Persónulegt umhverfi, stjórnsýsla og baráttan við kerfið (umhverfi): Áhrif efnislegs umhverfis, viðhorf og fordómar, heimilislíf og stuðningur nákominna og barátta við stjórnsýslu og stofnanir.
    Helstu ályktanir: Niðurstöður benda til að afleiðingar þess að eiga ungmenni með fíknivanda séu víðtækar og hafi mikil áhrif á heilsu og líðan foreldra, iðju þeirra og umhverfisaðstæður. Rannsóknin varpar ljósi á mikilvæga þætti sem iðjuþjálfar og annað heilbrigðisstarfsfólk getur notað til að bæta og þróa þjónustu, auka stuðning fyrir foreldra, auk þess að fá þekkingu á orsökum og afleiðingum fíknivanda á aðstandendur.
    Lykilorð: Fíknivandi, foreldrar, aðstandendur, ungmenni, áföll, fyrirbærafræði, Vancouver-skólinn, eigindleg rannsókn, iðjuvísindi, CMOP-E.
    Abstract
    Background: The research literature suggests that the consequences of having adolescents with substance abuse problems [SAP] are far-reaching and have a negative impact on parents’ health and well-being, and they struggle in their daily occupations and situations. The purpose of this study was to examine parents’ experiences of having an adolescent with SAP.
    Method: Phenomenological interview research using Vancouver-School of phenomenology. Participants were ten parents, two fathers and eight mothers, aged between 48-60 years old. One or two interviews were conducted with each participant. All participants had the experience of having an adolescent with SAP. The Canadian model of Occupation and engagement [CMOP-E] was used in the theme analysis, but the themes describe the participants’ experiences according to the Vancouver-school of phenomenology and fit into categories of the CMOP-E.
    Results: The results indicate that parents experience big consequences of having an adolescent with SAP that affect their health, life, and well-being. Three main themes were found that describe participants’ experiences related to aspects of the CMOP-E. The main themes are: 1. Parental distress (individual); 2. Difficulties in daily occupation, and 3. Personal environment, administration, and struggle with the system (environment). Each theme has a few sub-themes.
    Conclusion: This study sheds light on parents’ experiences of having adolescents with SAP in Iceland and the challenges they experience in their everyday life. The results can be of great significance to occupational therapists, healthcare professionals and staff to improve services, increase support and gain further knowledge about the consequences of adolescents’ SAP on parents.
    Keywords: Substance use problem, parents, relatives, adolescent, trauma, phenomenology, Vancouver-school, qualitative, occupational science, CMOP-E.

  • Útdráttur er á ensku

    Background: The research literature suggests that the consequences of having adolescents with substance abuse problems [SAP] are farreaching and have a negative impact on parents’ health and wellbeing, and they struggle in their daily occupations and situations. The purpose of this study was to examine parents’ experiences of having an adolescent with SAP. Method: Phenomenological interview research using VancouverSchool of phenomenology. Participants were ten parents, two fathers and eight mothers, aged between 48-60 years old. One or two interviews were conducted with each participant. All participants had the experience of having an adolescent with SAP. The Canadian model of Occupation and engagement [CMOP-E] was used in the theme analysis, but the themes describe the participants’ experiences according to the Vancouver-school of phenomenology and fit into categories of the CMOP-E. Results: The results indicate that parents experience big consequences of having an adolescent with SAP that affect their health, life, and well-being. Three main themes were found that describe participants’ experiences related to aspects of the CMOP-E. The main themes are: 1. Parental distress (individual); 2. Difficulties in daily occupation, and 3. Personal environment, administration, and struggle with the system (environment). Each theme has a few subthemes. Conclusion: This study sheds light on parents’ experiences of having adolescents with SAP in Iceland and the challenges they experience in their everyday life. The results can be of great significance to occupational therapists, healthcare professionals and staff to improve services, increase support and gain further knowledge about the consequences of adolescents’ SAP on parents

Athugasemdir: 
  • Ritgerðin er lokuð til 30.01.2023
Samþykkt: 
  • 13.6.2022
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/41863


Skrár
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Inga-M.-Reynsla-foreldra-af-að-eiga-ungmenni-með-fíknivanda-31. maí - SKEMMAN.pdf1.32 MBOpinnHeildartextiPDFSkoða/Opna