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Thesis (Bachelor's)

University of Akureyri > Hug- og félagsvísindasvið > B.A./B.Ed. verkefni >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/45111

Title: 
  • Title is in Icelandic A comparison using the HEXACO-60 model : personality of criminal offenders and prison guards
Degree: 
  • Bachelor's
Abstract: 
  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    HEXACO persónuleikalíkanið hefur reynst gagnlegt tæki til rannsókna í afbrotasálfræði þar sem það hefur getað spáð fyrir um afbrotahegðun og getur verið gagnlegt þegar verið er að skoða hugsanlega starfsmenn á sviði löggæslu. Líkanið felur í sér eiginleika eins og heiðarleika-auðmýkt, tilfinningasemi, úthverfu, samvinnuþýði, samviskusemi og víðsýni. Sýnt hefur verið fram á að afbrotamenn, fangaverðir og almenningur séu ólíkir hvað varðar persónuleika þeirra. Hér sýnum við hvernig persónuleikasálfræði getur hjálpað okkur að skilja persónuleikaþætti og hvernig þeir hafa áhrif á hegðun. Rannsóknarspurningar okkar voru; Eru persónuleikar afbrotamanna og fangavarða ólíkir hver öðrum á HEXACO-60-IS? Hvernig er persónuleiki íslenskra afbrotamanna frábrugðinn almenningi? Hvernig er persónuleiki íslenskra fangavarða frábrugðinn almenningi?
    Aðferðir: Alls svöruðu 26 afbrotamenn (N=26, 3 konur, 23 karlar) og 50 fangaverðir (N=50, 20 konur, 30 karlar) frá Íslandi HEXACO-60 spurningalistanum. Við bárum hópana tvo saman og við almennt þýðisúrtak.
    Niðurstöðurnar leiddu í ljós að afbrotamenn voru heiðarlegri en fangaverðir (p<.001), á meðan fangaverðir voru minna heiðarlegir en almenningur (p<.001), og afbrotamenn voru aðeins minna heiðarlegir en almenningur (p<.001). p=.075). Afbrotamenn voru samvinnuþýðari en fangaverðir (p=.001) en almenningur var samvinnuþýðari en afbrotamenn (p=>.648) og fangaverðir voru minna samvinnuþýðari en almenningur (p=<.001). Afbrotamenn voru samviskusamari en fangaverðir (p=<.001) en afbrotamenn voru minna samviskusamari en almenningur (p=<.001) og fangaverðir voru minna samviskusamari en almenningur (p=<.001).
    Þessi rannsókn er sú fyrsta sem rannsakar afbrotamenn og fangaverði á Íslandi með HEXACO-60 spurningalistanum. Rannsókn okkar leiðir í ljós ólíkar niðurstöður á íslenskum afbrotamönnum og fangavörðum samanborið við aðrar þjóðir, þar sem afbrotamenn eru heiðarlegri, samvinnuþýðari og samviskusamari en fangaverðir. Þörf er á frekari rannsóknum með stærra úrtaki.
    Lykilorð: Afbrotamenn, Fangaverðir, HEXACO, Persónuleikapróf.

  • The HEXACO model of personality has been found to be a useful tool for research in criminal psychology as it has been able to predict criminal behavior and could be utilized when examining potential employees in the field of law enforcement. The model incorporates the traits honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience. Criminal offenders, prison guards, and the general population have been shown to be different in terms of their personalities. However, while most research in this field is based on the five-factor model of personality, little research has been conducted using the HEXACO-60. Our research questions were; Do criminal offenders and prison guard personalities differ from each other on the HEXACO-60-IS? How do Icelandic criminal offenders' personalities differ from the general population? How do Icelandic prison guards' personalities differ from the general population?
    Methods: A total of 26 criminal offenders (N=26, 3 women, 23 men) and 50 prison guards (N=50, 20 women, 30 men) from Iceland completed the HEXACO-60 questionnaire. We compared the two groups to each other and to a general population sample.
    The results revealed that criminal offenders were more honest than prison guards (p<.001), prison guards were less honest than the general population (p<.001), and criminal offenders were only by tendency less honest than the general population (p=.075). Criminal offenders were more agreeable than prison guards (p=.001) and less agreaable than the general population (p=>.648). Prison guards were less agreeable than the general population (p=<.001). Criminal offenders were more conscientious than prison guards (p=<.001) whereas criminal offenders were less conscientious than the general population (p=<.001), and prison guards were less conscientious than the general population (p=<.001).
    This study is the first to investigate criminal offenders and prison guards in Iceland with the HEXACO-60 questionnaire. Our research reveals contrasting results between Icelandic criminal offenders and prison guards compared to previous research, where criminal offenders are more honest, more agreeable, and more conscientious than prison guards. Additional research with a larger sample is required.
    Key words: criminal offenders, prison guards, HEXACO, personality testing.

Accepted: 
  • Jun 12, 2023
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/45111


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