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Háskólinn í Reykjavík > Samfélagssvið / School of Social Sciences > BSc Sálfræðideild / Department of Psychology >

Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/46235

Titill: 
  • Titill er á ensku Exploring the intersection of socioeconomic status and victimization : a comparative analysis of abuse and distress among women
Námsstig: 
  • Bakkalár
Útdráttur: 
  • Útdráttur er á ensku

    Violence against women remains a global societal issue, manifesting in various forms, including emotional, physical, and sexual abuse. The study examined wether women with lower socioeconomic status, characterized by reduced education and employment opportunities, face a higher likelihood of victimization compared to their higher socioeconomic counterparts. Additionally, it was explored if female victims of domestic abuse experience more distress than those subjected to nondomestic abuse.
    Participants included 660 pregnant women from Icelandic antenatal care clinics during the spring of 2021. Screening measures comprised the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) and a distress question which was a question about how much distress the women experience to this day. Demographic data encompassed age, socioeconomic status, and educational levels. Results indicate that prevalence of abuse was higher among women with low SES (i.e., 64.5%) compared to women with high SES (i.e., 42.6%). Women with lower education reported more abuse compared to women with higher education or 58.1% and 42.2%. These findings suggest that educational and SES can serve as preventative measures against abuse. The results also revealed that domestic abuse has more impact on mental health than nondomestic abuse. Incorporating preventative measures, including screening for women with lower socioeconomic status, is crucial for addressing and minimizing the impact of violence against women.
    Keywords: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Socioeconomic status, Domestic abuse, Non-domestic abuse.

Samþykkt: 
  • 18.1.2024
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/46235


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