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  • Titill er á ensku Evaluating Albania’s Nationally Determined Contribution commitment: A comparative LCA of passenger vehicles powered by conventional diesel, B7, and electricity
  • Meistara
  • Útdráttur er á ensku

    In this comparative cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment, the environmental impacts of three product systems combining two vehicles, a diesel ICEV and a BEV, and three fuelling options, conventional diesel, a B7 biodiesel blend, and electricity, are calculated and evaluated to determine the most environmentally benign in the context of Albania. While the Government of Albania has stipulated its goal of reducing GHG emissions by shifting to alternative vehicle powertrains and fuels by 2030, there has been little research on the impacts, including GWP, over their life cycle. The life cycle assessment methodology used in this study relies on SimaPro for product system modelling and Ecoinvent 3.9.1 as the source database for the calculation of impacts from the vehicle production stage through the end-of-life stage. Results indicate that, from a life-cycle perspective, the ICEV fuelled by conventional diesel outperforms the ICEV fuelled by B7 and the BEV to a small extent in the majority of impact categories. However, in impact categories where the BEV performs better, it does so to a much greater degree, including in GWP due to the Albanian electricity grid mix being generated from RES. The ICEV powered by B7 produced from palm oil is not preferable in any environmental impact category. The results of this study make a strong case for the Albanian government’s continued push for development of diversified RES alongside the adoption of BEVs in the country’s vehicle population and also point to the necessity of exploring other feedstocks for the production of biodiesel for the Albanian market.

  • 24.1.2024

Skráarnafn Stærð AðgangurLýsingSkráartegund 
MSc_Thesis_CAR.pdf3.04 MBOpinnHeildartextiPDFSkoða/Opna
Skemman_yfirlysing_CAR.pdf208.99 kBLokaðurYfirlýsingPDF