en English is Íslenska

Thesis (Master's)

Reykjavík University > Samfélagssvið / School of Social Sciences > MEd/MSc Íþróttafræðideild / Department of Sport Science >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/46400

Title: 
  • The effects of physical exercise on kinanthropometry, physical fitness, and mental well-being in older adults in Iceland
Degree: 
  • Master's
Abstract: 
  • The majority of older adults fail to meet the recommended levels of physical activity. Sustaining sufficient levels of physical activity is crucial for overall wellness and physical fitness. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a three-month multicomponent physical exercise programme on the kinanthropometric, PF and well-being of older adults in function of the attendance ratio. Participants in the study were 133 (30.1% males with a mean age of 75±4.6 and 69.9% females with a mean age of 74±3.7). A total of 74 participants completed all tests and attended both measurements. Body composition was assessed using body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, and upper-arm circumference measurements. The Senior Fitness Test battery
    was used to assess physical fitness, while the Short-Warwick Mental Well-being Scale was utilised to evaluate mental well-being. A repeated measures ANOVA was conducted for each variable and partial eta squared was used as an effect size. Statistical significance was determined at 0.05 value.
    The results revealed a significant difference between pre and post measurements for bicep curl in the left arm and right, back scratch, chair sit and reach, chair stand, grip strength, the 6-minute
    walk and well-being. Significant interactive effect was found between time and gender for chair stand, triceps skinfold and well-being. The intervention programme was successful in sustaining and even improving some of the physical- and mental attributes of the participants.

  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    Eldra fólk mætir viðmiðum um ráðlagða hreyfingu að takmörkuðu leyti sem telja má að hafi bein áhrif á dánartíðni. Í þessari rannsókn eru áhrif þriggja mánaða fjölþættrar hreyfiíhlutunar á heilsu og líkamlega færni eldri borgara á Íslandi skoðuð. Í rannsókninni tóku 133 einstaklingar þátt (þar af 30,1% karlar með 75±4.6 ára meðalaldur og 69,9% konur með 74±3.7 ára meðalaldur) og luku 74 einstaklingar öllum prófunum hennar. Líkamssamsetning var metin með BMI mælingum, fituklípu á þríhöfða og ummálsmælingu upphandleggs. Líkamlegt hreysti var mælt með Senior Fitness Test og mæling á andlegri vellíðan fór fram með Short-Warwick Mental Well-Being skalanum. Dreifigreining fyrir endurteknar mælingar var notuð fyrir hverja breytu og partial-eta squared var notað til að skoða áhrifastærð. Marktækni miðast við 0,05 mörkin. Niðurstöður rannsóknarinnar bentu til marktækrar bætingar á tvíhöfðakreppu, klóra sér á baki (liðleikaprófi), teygja sig á stól, standa upp af stól, gripstyrk, 6 mínútna gönguprófi ásamt alhliða bætingu á stöðu andlegrar vellíðan milli fyrstu mælinga og síðustu. Marktæk víxlverkandi áhrif fundust á milli tíma og kyns fyrir standa upp af stól, fituklípu á þríhöfða, og vellíðan. Íhlutunin viðhélt og bætti í sumum tilfellum tiltekna andlega og líkamlega þætti þátttakanda og telja má því að hún hafi heilt á litið haft jákvæð áhrif.

Accepted: 
  • Mar 11, 2024
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/46400


Files in This Item:
Filename Size VisibilityDescriptionFormat 
MSc - Final version kristjan.pdf1.37 MBLocked Until...2025/12/31Complete TextPDF
Beidni-um-lokun-lokaverkefnis---Undirskrift-deildarkristjanvalur.pdf201.88 kBOpenBeiðni um lokunPDFView/Open