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Thesis (Master's)

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/5651

  • Title is in Icelandic Trans-Arctic shipping: The Icelandic perspective
  • Master's
  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    The Arctic is an unusual area in political and legal sense. The main characteristic of the
    area is that it is dominated by maritime areas and therefore is largely dependant on
    international rules of the law of the sea. Because of this, the area is mainly subject to the
    sovereignty of the five states that have claims or locus standi in the Arctic territory, but
    in a limited way to other more southern states. In this paper, Arctic governance issues
    are raised and discussed in order to explain the matters of opinion that have been
    prevailing regarding the matter. The discussion contains both political and
    indeterminate factors that might affect Arctic development. Factors encouraging Trans-
    Arctic shipping are mentioned and the possible impacts of Trans-Arctic shipping on the
    Arctic are discussed including the need for rules or standards that reduce the danger of
    accidents or pollution. The possible sea routes in the Arctic are introduced and the legal
    ambiguities of the Russian and Canadian Arctic areas are also covered and discussed.
    The international legal regime on shipping is examined and the relevant instruments
    mentioned and their legal effect. In addition, instruments that concern the Arctic
    specifically are covered such as Article 234 of the United Nations Convention on the
    Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Instruments of the International Maritime Organization
    (IMO) that are specifically tailored to the Arctic are among those non-binding
    instruments mentioned. The Icelandic shipping law is examined in detail and the
    influence of Iceland‟s membership of UNCLOS, IMO and the Agreement on the
    European Economic Area (EEA) taken to consideration. Iceland‟s implementation of
    international rules is especially emphasized in this discussion. The measures taken by
    Iceland to fight pollution and marine accidents are also studied. The paper concludes
    that Iceland is one of the Arctic‟s main marine frontiers that may have significant
    effects on the development within the area and may prove to be an important link
    between the South and the Arctic. Thus Iceland cannot avoid taking part in the
    discussions, disputes and decision making on Arctic matters in the future. The Icelandic
    marine area constitutes the corridor from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arctic Ocean and
    should prepare promptly to limit the effects of possible challenges that Trans-Arctic
    shipping might pose.

  • Description is in Icelandic Verkefnið er lokað
  • Jun 21, 2010
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/5651

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