Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/8269
This B.A. essay is a thesis on the theme of facts and fancy in the novel Hard Times by Charles Dickens (1812-1870). The 19th century Industrial Revolution drastically changed the lives of the peasants of England. Many of them had to abandon their country lives due to them becoming tenants of their previous properties as more prosperous people took over their land. The peasants then moved to the cities, most notably to middle and northern England, where they began to work in mill factories under poor conditions. Dickens' lifetime saw the beginning of the end of the old cottage industry. The theme of facts and fancy features prominently within Hard Times. Dickens feared that the facts of Utilitarianism could be destructive without the help of fancy. The novel reveals that these concepts can lead to the delusion of people. The main characters of the novel realize that their education of facts only deepens their misery and dejection; some of them become emotionally starved, and the conclusion is that they meet a different fate because of their futile efforts to acquire the education of Utilitarianism. When the characters of the novel are represented in this way it is obvious that Dickens is emphasizing the destruction of this theory of teaching. Dickens represents the philosophy of facts and fancy in his novel, and it is the main theme of Hard Times.
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