Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/8743
The color perception is influenced by many physical and psychological factors. This essay investigates how the social and natural environment influences color perception, based on Josef Albers's theories in his book Interaction of Color. In the light of Albers ideas, the works and concepts of the artist Birgir Andrésson on Icelandic colors are analyzed.
Josef Albers (1888-1976) was a pioneer artist of twentieth-century modernism and best known for his innovative publication Interaction of Color. His book was first published in 1963 and, according to Albers, the book works around the fact that color is the most relative medium of art. The same color evokes innumerable readings depending on its surroundings, due to the constant interaction between colors, the interdependence of color with form and placement, the importance of quantity and qualities of color and its pronouncement.
Supported by Albers's theories on colors, the works by the Icelandic artist Birgir Andrésson (1955-2007) on Icelandic Colors are analyzed focusing on the influences of environment in
color perception. In the last decade of his life or longer, Andrésson explored elements of national identity which is reflected in his art, such as the archetypical Icelander, icelandic birds, horses, excentric people, nature and original culture. In many of his works, he used the Icelandic Colors, that derive from Andrésson's ideas on the national colors. These colors represent the leftovers of the Icelandic culture, elements that have disappeared or are about to, due to the translation of foreign models or prototypes.
The perception of color is influenced by light, distance, volume, movement and interaction with the environment. This essay is a result of a personal need to investigate colors and how the social and natural environment influences my use of colors. The study has opened my spectrum of color comprehension, in which the surroundings and mind have the main role.