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Thesis University of Akureyri > Viðskipta- og raunvísindasvið > Meistaraprófsritgerðir >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/9332

Title: 
  • An assessment of the environmental impact of cargo transport by road and sea in Iceland
Authors: 
Submitted: 
  • June 2011
Abstract: 
  • The environmental impact of cargo transport is qualified and quantified in the Westfjords and Nothern regions of Iceland. A simplified Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) framework is applied to 5 transport scenarios: 1 land-based scenario reflecting the existing offer in Iceland and 4 maritime alternatives (2 sailing routes, 2 types of ships). Using a statistical energy consumption model and up-to-date emission factor databases, the results show that the best maritime alternative is the one calling at the harbours of Reykjavík, Ísafjördur and Akureyri, using a Roll On-Roll Off (Ro-Ro) ship. Compared to land-based transport, the Ro-Ro alternative has a lower impact in most categories except those related to NOx and SOx emissions. With monetisation methods used for the internalisation of external costs, we show that a modal shift from land to sea comes as an overall benefit to the Icelandic society. A Net Present Value (NPV) analysis is suggested to improve the economic calculations, as well as a context-based calculation of the value of time. Further possible improvements are advised in the emission inventory and characterisation phases. A final recommendation is issued for future transport policy in Iceland.

Accepted: 
  • Jun 21, 2011
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/9332


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